Located halfway down the East Coast of Africa, astride the equator, Kenya is the most accessible country in the region. With over 54 national parks and game reserves, a sheer diversity of wildlife, and an excellent network of international flights arriving and departing each week, Kenya is an easy and fascinating country to visit.
Kenya is the home of safari, the Big Five, and one of the world’s top holiday destinations. The country is blessed with excellent all year climate and features well-established tourist facilities.
Kenya offers a world of attractions, much more than any other destination. It has stunning landscapes, cultural diversity, adventure sports, beautiful beaches and unique and unparalleled wildlife.
Game Safaris and wildlife tours are Kenya’s biggest attractions, drawing many visitors to the country each year. Kenya manages more than 20 national parks and national game reserves, where visitors can view some of the country’s most spectacular wildlife, including the “Big Five” animals. In fact, the “Big Five” are the central focus of the majority of safari tours and wildlife expeditions offered within the parks. Kenya’s most popular game park is the Masai Mara, which borders the Serengeti plains in Tanzania. Between July and September, visitors can witness the remarkable annual wildebeest migration which takes place at the Mara
Kenya is the most famous East African Safari destination – most likely by virtue of its bygone days of decadent colonial lifestyles immortalized in colorful books and movies like “Out of Africa” and “White Mischief”. It’s also one of the favorite areas to watch the world-famous Great Migration that takes place every year (Maasai Mara) and Kenya is recognized as one of the premier ‘beach and bush’ safari and seaside destinations.
With a rich and storied history, some of the world’s most famous safari reserves and miles of tropical beaches, Kenya is arguably the best-known East African safari destination, perfect for ‘beach & bush’ getaways and for witnessing the “Great Migration” that takes place annually. This all adds up to make Kenya one of the most high-density safari areas with an overflow of tourists that can make good game viewing rather challenging at times, particularly between July and October.
But, armed with a little knowledge and good advice about where to go – and when – Kenya can offer you some of the most incredible game lodges and unforgettable safari experiences you’d be hard-pressed to beat. And if you’re looking for an authentic safari away from the madding crowd, there are many lesser-known national parks dotted throughout Kenya that will amaze you, whether you’re into landscapes, wildlife, birds, adventure, unusual safaris or culture.
Please note: Kenya’s e-visa must now be purchased online and prior to travel, effective 1 September 2015. You must produce a printed copy of the e-visa at check-in or you won’t be allowed to travel. The e-visa is valid for 90 days from the date of approval – not from the date of arrival in Kenya – which can take up to seven days.
Apply online here via your PC or mobile device. This service is only offered in English currently. You can submit photos from your mobile.
Visa-exempt countries: Botswana, Brunei, Burundi, Cyprus, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Jamaica, Lesotho, Malawi, Maldives, Mauritius, Namibia, Rwanda, Samozo, San Marino, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa*, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tobago, Tonga, Trinidad, Turkey, Uganda, Uruguay, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Countries requiring referral visa: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cameroon, Eritrea, Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, North Korea, Senegal, Somalia, Syria and Tajikistan.
All other countries including the UK, US, and Ireland, require a visa prior to traveling to Kenya. The Kenyan Government also introduced a new e-visa service for UK and Irish citizens, effective 2 July 2015.
A sprawling, congested African city with an array of architectural and cultural influences, Nairobi is the economic and cultural hub of Kenya, if not East Africa. It has a vibrant, lively culture, a rich history and offers excellent shopping, great dining, and nightlife. It’s received bad publicity in the past but its “Neigh-Rob-Me” moniker seems to be thankfully wearing off.
Its international airport is Jomo Kenyatta (JKI), about 15 km from the CBD on the Mombasa road. The domestic Wilson Airport (WIL), within the city centre, is where most safari flights depart from. It’s worth mentioning that you’ll need to get from JKI to Wilson by road and transfers can often take over an hour – even longer with the constant traffic jams – so allow plenty of time. Roadworks are underway to alleviate the congestion but it will take time to solve the problem.
These are some of our favorite safari destinations:
Well-known and one of the most popular tourist destinations in Kenya, it’s also one of the busiest and most crowded. Go in peak season and you may feel like you’re in a New York City traffic jam! This is when the world-famous Great Migration occurs, an incredible natural phenomenon involving about 1.5 million wildebeest and other plains animals which takes place anytime from around mid-June to mid-December each year. Peak season is from mid-July to mid-October, but if you can arrange your dates a few weeks outside the ‘rush’, you’re much more likely to dodge the madding crowd and still have a good chance of seeing the migration.
The Maasai Mara is in the Great Rift Valley and has sweeping open grasslands, with most of the animals concentrated towards the western escarpment area. It has some 95 species of mammals, reptiles and amphibians and more than 400 species of birds have been spotted at Mara, so you’ll be in for great game viewing with a good chance of seeing cheetah, serval, hyena, bat-eared fox, jackal, warthog, topi, eland, Thompson’s and Grant’s gazelle, impala, waterbuck, oribi, reedbuck, zebra and of course, wildebeest – in their hundreds of thousands if you’re there at the right time.
Traditional Maasai tribal dance in Kenya
(Image: and Beyond Maasai Mara, Kenya)
This reserve is probably the second most famous in Kenya and is also very popular on safari itineraries. On the Tanzanian border, it is just north-west of Mount Kilimanjaro and offers spectacular views of this snow-capped, towering African icon; the highest freestanding mountain in the world. The views of ‘Kili’ at sunset and sunrise are especially breathtaking.
A large and sprawling park, Amboseli offers a variety of beautiful landscapes – from open grasslands, acacia woodlands and rocky thornbush terrain to swamps and marshlands. In the dry season (July to October) vast numbers of wildlife congregate here.
While not as prolific as Maasai Mara, game viewing here is very rewarding with every chance to see lion, elephant, leopard, buffalo, hyena, giraffe and cheetah. If you’re a keen birder, more than 300 species have been recorded here.
Mount Kilimanjaro looks down on a herd of elephant in Amboseli National Park
Straddling the equator, Meru National Park is beautiful and untamed. Crisscrossed with numerous rivers and streams, it’s a particularly scenic park with mountains, woodlands, wide-open plains, and tropical palm trees.
At Meru, you’re likely to see lion, leopard, cheetah, elephant and black rhino, some of the normal plains animals like zebra and oryx and huge herds of buffalo. There’s also the chance of spotting some of the rarer antelope like lesser kudu and duiker. Its rivers are alive with hippo and crocodile.
The bird list is respectable at over 300 with species like red-necked falcon, sunbirds, Pel’s fishing owl, kingfishers, rollers, bee-eaters, starlings and weavers.
Much less famous, but with wildlife in abundance is Samburu National Reserve. It’s also a great safari destination for spotting the rarer endemic species like Grevy’s zebra, Somali ostrich, reticulated giraffe, the odd-looking longnecked gerenuk, Guenther’s dik-dik and the beisa oryx (known to the locals as the “Samburu Special Six”).
You’ve also got an excellent chance of seeing elephant and the big cats like lion, leopard, and cheetah as well as the ever-popular wild dog. It’s a bird lover’s paradise as over 450 species of birds have been recorded here. Some of the big draws at Samburu include the walking and mountain bike safaris and the opportunity to interact with the locals in the nearby Samburu villages.
Dissected by the Mombasa highway, Tsavo has two sections, both offering different scenery and different safari experiences. Tsavo as a whole is fairly remote and wild, with little development. Less popular and well-known than many of the other parks, it offers an unhurried safari experience with surprisingly good game viewing. It is a great pairing with nearby Amboseli on your safari itinerary. Just some 100 km from the coast, it’s well situated for a ‘beach and bush’ safari combination.
Best known for its abundance of elephant and huge herds of buffalo (sometimes 1,000 strong), Tsavo East is fairly flat with wide open plains, permanent water sources and easy game viewing. It’s less developed than Tsavo West and offers a wilder, more remote safari experience.
Most of the lodges here are in the northern section, which is particularly beautiful with its rolling hills and rocky landscape. It’s more lush and green than Tsavo East which makes game viewing more challenging, but it is a Big 5 destination. There’s also a good assortment of antelope, hippo is in abundance, and the birdlife is spectacular.
Although not the biggest of parks by Kenyan standards, the Aberdare National Park offers a completely different and unique safari experience, compared to its more famous counterparts. It has two ecosystems that are totally unique to the rest of the country; moorland plateau and dense rainforests. Besides spectacular scenery, it’s home to two of the more famous safari lodges of days gone by – Treetops Lodge and The Ark – each with a rich colonial history and illustrious lists of past guests.
At Aberdare, you’re likely to see lion, elephant, rhino, and buffalo as well as some rare antelope species such as the forest-dwelling bongo antelope, the Colobus monkey, giant forest hog, golden cat and leopard as well as more than 250 species of birds. It’s a good year-round destination, too, by virtue of its mountainous setting.
The Laikipia Plateau is to the north of Nairobi and Mount Kenya and is regarded as the gateway to Kenya’s remote and wild northern frontier country. Vast cattle ranches and private estates cover the region, many of which are now private wildlife sanctuaries. Its most famous region is undoubtedly the Lewa Conservancy, or ‘Lewa’ as it is known – one of Kenya’s greatest conservation success stories.
It’s rapidly gaining ground as one of Kenya’s best safari regions, even becoming a serious contender to the Maasai Mara as a top safari destination. You certainly won’t be short-changed on the game viewing here, either. Best of all, it’s a vast, open area with plenty of room for all, so you won’t have to contend with the crazy crowds you’re likely to find in Mara.
You’ll discover a wealth of endangered species in Laikipia, like almost half of Kenya’s endangered black rhino and growing packs of wild dogs. Many of these animals are monitored 24/7, some are even radio-collared for protection.
Considered to be a great soda lake in the Great Rift Valley, Lake Nakuru lies some 160 km north-west of Nairobi while Lake Naivasha is only 102 km from the capital. Both offer different safari experiences and both are well placed to include on your safari.
It’s often one of the first stops included on safari itineraries for two reasons. Firstly, it is renowned for its vast flocks of flamingo that thrive there, said to be a few million strong. Secondly, it’s within easy reach of Nairobi and, as it’s one of the few fenced and actively-patrolled reserves, is a safe haven for both black and white rhino. There are many other animals at Lake Nakuru too, as well as numerous species of birds.
An ancient freshwater lake of the Great Rift Valley, Lake Naivasha is set at its highest point; 1,890 m (6,200 ft) above sea level. The lake teems with hippo and attracts every passing fish-eating bird with its healthy populations of freshwater fish like black bass, tilapia, and crayfish.
Arguably one of the most famous ‘bush & beach’ destinations, it’s not surprising to find that Kenya has some of the best beaches in East Africa. There you’ll find a variety of lodges from the most rustic, to romantic hideaways, family resorts, and luxurious boutique hotels. Its white sandy beaches are fringed with tropical palm trees and the warm Indian Ocean is a haven for divers and snorkelers.
Kenya is a year-round destination. That said, the climate and weather can vary considerably depending on where you are going; reserves at high altitudes or low-lying areas or the coast. It is an equatorial country and the sun can be fierce. The prime wildlife viewing months are generally during the dry season between late June and October. The wildebeest migration normally reaches the Maasai Mara around mid-July and can stay around until mid-November before moving back to the Serengeti in Tanzania.
Another popular season is January to February, but as with the dry season (June – October), the well-known parks can become unpleasantly overcrowded; the Maasai Mara, Amboseli National Park and the area surrounding Lake Nakuru in particular. Between March and May, the rainfall is the highest and some lodges and camps close during this time. If you’re a birder, however, it’s the best time of the year!
On Kenya’s tropical coast, you’ll find temperatures rarely drop below 20°C (68°F), even at night, with sea temperatures measuring around a balmy 25°C (77°F). Inland areas at higher altitudes can be much cooler. For example, Nairobi is 1,660 m above sea level and nighttime temperatures in mid-winter (July and August) can drop well below 10°C (50°F). Add the wind chill factor into the mix and you may find it exceptionally cold on early morning game drives. So remember your gloves, scarves, beanies and warm jackets if you’re planning a safari during these months.
The entry point into Kenya is usually via the capital city, Nairobi. Most safari and domestic flights leave from Wilson Airport, 6 km south of the city. Some parks are easy to get to by road, whereas others are best accessed by air.
If your time and budget allow, and the migration season makes it worthwhile, it’s often a good idea to combine Kenya and Tanzania on your safari itinerary. There are basically two ways for you to do this, and both involve flying. Oddly enough, although Kenya’s Maasai Mara and Tanzania’s Serengeti National Parks are literally next door to each other, it’s not possible for you to cross over the border by road from one reserve (and country) to the other.
Your first option for combining the Maasai Mara with the Serengeti would involve a short charter flight westwards to Mirogi Airstrip, then a road transfer across the border at Isebania where you will clear customs and immigration. Another short road transfer to Tarime Airstrip in Tanzania follows and from there a short charter flight to one of the airstrips in the Serengeti.
Your second option (and less direct route) is to transfer back to Nairobi and take a scheduled one-hour flight to Kilimanjaro Airport in northern Tanzania, which is the gateway airport to Tanzania’s northern safari circuit. This option would typically cost you a bit less but it would mean long road transfers and perhaps even a stopover night either in Nairobi or in Arusha.
Please chat to us about your ideas and we’ll be happy to help you plan the best possible itinerary for your time, budget and preferences.
Wildlife and Safaris
Equatorial Kenya offers the best of both worlds: a huge variety of game reserves, landscapes and natural beauty are the ideal home to some of Africa’s most abundant wildlife herds … and its endless white beaches, lapped by the balmy Indian Ocean is perfect for an unforgettable ‘beach and bush’ holiday.
Kenya is vast. It has an amazing variety of landscapes – from endless grassy plains, studded with the occasional Acacia tree, to riverine forests, snow-capped mountains, semi-deserts and high-lying moorlands, bordered to the east by endless palm-fringed beaches with dazzling white sands …
Kenya has a rich safari history (in fact, the word safari comes from the local Swahili and means ‘journey’), highlighted in movies like Out of Africa and White Mischief. Between July and October it’s also home to one of the natural wonders of the world – The Great Migration – when over 1.5 million wildebeest, zebra and other large plains animals migrate in search of better grazing, with predators in their wake – on land, and in the crocodile-infested waters they must cross.
The biggest consideration/drawback when it comes to planning your Kenyan safari is that it is such a popular destination. During peak seasons you could be literally elbow-to-elbow with thousands of visitors vying for the best views of The Great Migration. This is usually between July to September, and then over the Christmas/New Year holidays. But with careful planning, avoiding congested areas and using our insider knowledge of where to go, and when, you’ll enjoy a breathtaking safari in one of the best safari destinations Africa has to offer. Spectacular wildlife, incredible scenery, fascinating cultures, picture-postcard beaches … Kenya has them all.
We are not limited to the itineraries listed below – these are just a couple of examples. Our forte is to design bespoke safaris to meet your exact requirements. Contact us for a detailed, personalised quote with no obligation.
Kenya is a long-standing, leading safari destination with safari accommodation for every occasion and preference; remote and romantic honeymoon camps, Great Migration front-row safari lodges, tropical beach resorts.
Kenya is part of the classic East African safari experience of awe-inspiring game viewing from the luxury of opulent tented camps and remote safari lodges to exotic tropical beach resorts and modern hotels.
Some of its more famous beach and bush safari destinations include the Maasai Mara National Reserve, Tsavo National Park, Amboseli National Park and the ancient coastal town of Malindi, where you can enjoy some of the finest and most unique accommodation Kenya has to offer. The safari camps themselves range from historical camps that embody the bygone safari heydays to romantic honeymoon hideaways to mobile tented camps and overnight ‘fly camps’ for bush walks.
Please discuss your likes and preferences with us and we’ll be happy to recommend lodges that will deliver an unforgettable safari experience, within your budget and timeframe.